Hijrah is the migration of the Prophet Muhammed and his followers from Mecca to Medina (then Yathrib). Fleeing from persecution in his hometown, Mecca, the Prophet Muhammed was hotly pursued by a band of men seeking to assassinate him. On the journey, the Prophet Muhammed and his companion Abu Bakr hid in a cave and while inside, a spider spun a web over the entrance, effectively saving their lives by throwing off the pursuers. This passage is portrayed with the opening verses of Surah Yasin – which the prophet recited while being pursued – written as a circular web-like structure.
“Ya Sin. By the wise Quran, indeed you are among the messengers, one a straight path.” (Quran, 36: 1-4)
An accomplished tracker, Saraqa ibn Malik, was another pursuer, but upon reaching the fugitives, his horse repeatedly sank into the ground. After requesting Muhammed’s prayers to help him out of his plight, he returned to Mecca and advised other not to attempt their own mission of capturing Muahmmed.
Upon reaching their final destination, the Prophet Muhammed and Abu Bakr were greeted warmly. This accomplishment and the new era it hailed is depicted with medina under a sky filled with flowers and birds representing happiness, peace, and a welcoming aura.